Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa. Mali is bordered by Algeria to the north, Niger to the east, Burkina Faso to the south, Guinea to the southwest, Senegal to the west, and Mauritania to the northwest. Its population is estimated to be 18 million. Its capital is Bamako. Mali is a poor country with underdeveloped infrastructure. The vast majority of the population is engaged in subsistence agriculture. About one-third of the population is nomadic or semi-nomadic. Manganese, gold, and phosphate deposits are Mali's main natural resources. Mali is a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).
ECOWAS is a regional economic union of fifteen countries located in West Africa. The primary purpose of ECOWAS is to promote economic integration and cooperation among its member states. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) has a Certificate of Origin regime known as the ECOWAS Trade Liberalization Scheme (ETLS). The ETLS allows for the free movement of goods between member states.